Field Biology (BIO 310)
Department of Biological Sciences
State University of New York at Cortland
Course Information: Instructor Information:
Credit Hours: 3 Instructor: Dr. Steven B. Broyles
Semester/Year: August 2003 Phone: 607.753.2901
Location: Outdoor Education Center Office: Casino & Cedars Cabin
Required Texts: (1) Peterson=s Field Guide to Office Hours: Mon.CSat. 8 A.M.-9 P.M.
to Wildflowers; (2) Peterson=s Field Guide to E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Trees and Shrubs; (3) Barron=s Guide to
Mushrooms; (4) additional papers.
Course Description: Examination of biological diversity and ecology in terrestrial and aquatic communities of New York. This course is taught during August at Cortland=s Outdoor Education Center in Adirondack State Park. Daily and evening classes include field trips, laboratories, and lectures. Students are assessed a fee for room and board. Required of biology majors in programs for adolescence biology education and environmental science concentration. Prerequisites: BIO 110-111 or BIO 201-202.
Goals/Objectives of the Course: This course will introduce students to the major components of biotic communities in the Northeastern United States. Field Biology is designed with the intention of exposing students in Adolescence Biology Education and Environmental Science to many areas of field studies. Students will demonstrate taxonomic knowledge of land plants, algae, amphibians, fungi, insects, and birds. Students will develop a conceptual understanding of ecological processes, organismal behavior, biological interactions, and natural history through intensive field study and experimentation. Students will design, perform, and interpret individual and/or group projects on the Adirondack biota.
Course Attendance Policy: Due to the nature location of the course, ALL CLASSES, FIELD TRIPS, and MEALS ARE MANDATORY. Classes generally run form 9:00 to 11:30 A.M.; 1:00-5:00 P.M.; and 7:30-9:00 P.M. Monday through Saturday. Any foreseen absence should be brought to the attention of the instructor in advance of arriving at Raquette Lake. Please be on time for lectures and scheduled field trips.
Evaluation and Grading: Students will be graded on two half-day examinations, an individual / group project/presentation, daily journal entries, and plant/insect collections. Exams usually include short answer and essay questions, but may also include identifications from projection slides, preserved specimens, and living specimens. Fair exam material includes reading assignments not directly discussed in class. Questions regarding possible grading errors should be discussed as soon as possible with the instructor.
If you are a student with a disability and wish to request accommodations, please contact the office of Student Disability Services in B-40 Van Hoesen Hall or call 607.753.2066 for an appointment. Information regarding your disability will be treated in a confidential manner. Because many accommodations require early planning, requests for accommodations should be made as early as possible.
Specific Assignments and Grades:
Exam 1BSaturday, August 2 100 points
This exam will include taxonomic questions and identification of trees and shrubs, flowering plants, fungi, and insects. Students will also be expected to assimilate information, describe data, and draw conclusions for experiments conducted during the first week.
Exam 2-Saturday, August 9 100 points
This exam will include taxonomic questions and identification of birds, wetland plants, algae, and stream macroinvertebrates. Students will also be expected to answer conceptual questions on water quality, limnology, forestry techniques, wetland biology, and the relationships between glaciation, bog ecology, and palynology.
PowerPoint Presentation and Digital Photography 100 points
Each student is required to learn how to operate a digital camera and import photographs into meaningful PowerPoint Presentations. The Presentation should included a title slide, a reference slide, and a minimum of 10 text/photo slides. Students should select their Presentation in consultation with Dr. Broyles. Topics are variable, but we need to keep the interest of the audience in mind. Since you will share these with others in the course who will in turn become educators, you should direct the instructional level toward students and educators of grades 8-12.
Journal and Project Notebook 100 points
Every project, worksheet question, graph, figure, interpretation should be written and maintained in a well-identified section of your notebook (preferably a small three-ring binder). In addition, Dr. Broyles will frequently ask reflective thought questions that should be answered completely and thoroughly in the Notebook. These question often provide insight into concepts that Dr. Broyles believes are important, and therefore, are likely to appear on examinations.
Personal-Small group Project and Report 100 points
Each student is required to design and conduct a personal field biology project during the third week of the course. Students will need to develop clear, testable, hypotheses, experimental methods, and data collection protocol. Students will need to conduct appropriate statistical tests, construct graphs, and tables. Upon returning to Cortland, students have three weeks to complete library research for references and write a report following a standard scientific format.
Grades: A+ 487.5-500 pts. B+ 437.5-449.9 C+ 387.5-399.9 D+ 337.5-349.9
A 462.6-487.4 B 412.6-437.4 C 362.6-387.4 D 312.6-337.4
A- 450.0-462.5 B- 400.0-412.5 C- 350.0-362.5 D- 300.0-312.5
Sunday, 27 July 2:00-5:30 P.M. Check-in at Outdoor Education Facility
6:00 P.M. Dinner
7:00 P.M. Orientation and Class
Monday, 28 July Routine meal schedule (8:00 A.M.; NOON; and 6:00 P.M.)
Morning: Tree Identification and Forest Biology
Afternoon: Canoe Certification, Adirondack History, Forest Transects
Evening: Diversity Statistics, Data Interpretation
Concepts: Evapotranspiration, mycorrhizal interactions, woody tree adaptations, dendrochronology.
Tuesday, 29 July Morning: Herbaceous Flowering Plant Families
Afternoon: Hummingbird Foraging and Nectar Biology
Evening: Film: Sexual Encounters of a Floral Kind
Concepts: Coevolution, pollination biology, economy and ecology of flowering plants, nitrogen fixation and legumes, chemical diversity of plants.
Wednesday, 30 July Morning: Limnology
Evening: Algae of Raquette Lake
Concepts: Water chemistry, lake definitions, stratigraphic sampling of dimetic lakes, biology of algae.
Thursday, 31 July Morning: Goodnow Mountain
Afternoon: Goodnow Mountain
Concepts: Forestry techniques, adaptation, community changes on elevation transects
Friday, 1 August Morning: Water Quality and Macroinvertebrates
Afternoon: Water Quality and Macroinvertebrates
Evening: Sound, Avian Vocalizations & Microphone DesignBOwl Prowl
Concepts: Eutrophication, water chemistry, pollution, indicator species, physics of sound, design of parabolic reflectors, circuits and microphones.
Saturday, 2 August Morning: EXAM 1
Afternoon: Completion of Exam
Sunday, 3 August Free TimeBMeals schedule TBA
Monday, 4 August Morning: Fleshy FungiCDr. Baroni
Afternoon: Identification of Fungi
Concepts: Morphology of fleshy fungi, ecology of fungi, phylogeny of fungi.
Tuesday, 5 August Early Morning:Bird Surveys
Morning: Bog Ecology and Palynology
Afternoon: Bog Ecology and Palynology
Evening: Free Time
Concepts Glaciation and land history; climatology, pollen indicators of climate and forests, adaptations to wetlands, avian vocalizations.
Wednesday, 6 August Morning: Community Ecology on Whiteface Mtn
Afternoon: Community Ecology on Whiteface Mtn
Evening: Lake Placid Dinner
Concepts: Forest stratification and diversity, community migration in response to climatic change, forest adaptation.
Thursday, 7 August Morning: Insect Biology
Afternoon: Insect Population Size Estimates
Evening: Travels of the Monarch Butterfly
Concepts: Arthropod morphology, ecological diversity and evolution of insects, capture-mark-recapture techniques for estimating population sizes; chemical coevolution, migration and navigation of animals (star, sun, and magnetic compasses).
Friday, 8 August Morning: Ferns and Clubmosses
Afternoon: Scavenger Hunt Challenge & ReviewCFinish Capture-Mark-Release study
Evening: Study Time
Saturday, 9 August Morning: EXAM 2
Afternoon: Completion of Exam
Sunday, 10 August Free
Monday, 11 August Morning: Hypotheses Construction, Statistics Review, Project Design
Afternoon: Project Design
Evening: Evening Plane Ride
History of Adirondack ParkBDr. Pasquarello
Tuesday, 12 August Morning: Projects
Evening: Bill EvansBMonitoring Songbird Migration
Wednesday, 13 AugustMorning: Projects
Evening: Guest Speaker
Thursday, 14 August Morning: PowerPoint Presentations are Due
Afternoon: Presentations and Projects
Evening: Analysis and Lab Packing
Friday, 15 August Morning: Analysis, Clean-up, Departure