|Jean LeLoup & Bob Ponterio
We will use KompoZer to create a WWW page. This handout will walk you through some basic steps of web page creation in order to familiarize you with the possibilities in KompoZer. You can download KompoZer for free (http://kompozer.net/) for Mac, Windows or Linux. Most web page editing tools work in more or less the same way, after all the underlying codes are the same. For this reason, the basic ideas will hold even if you use a different editing program. First work through these steps, and then move on to your own web activity page. Note that it is possible to select formatting options using menu items or toolbar buttons or even typing in codes by hand, depending on your personal preference.
Before starting, it is a good idea to plan your page carefully by making a storyboard (as you might tell a student to do an outline before writing a paper). It is possible to copy a page that you like from the Web or from your own past efforts and then use it as a template, making changes to fit your needs but not reinventing the wheel in terms of basic format. If you do this, be sure that work with a copy so you don't destroy your original. For this exercise, we will simply create a new page from a blank since this is the best way to grasp just what we are doing.
Always keep in mind that a web page is a file with HTML code along with any and all other files for all media that are included in the page in any way. Indeed, a web page can be thought of as a shell that holds various multimedia files together and displays them in a single window. All of these files need to be placed so the web page can find them. There are a number of ways to organize the files that will be part of a web page, but in this course, for simplicity and consistency, we will put all files that are part of a page together in a folder for that page. For this reason, you always want to begin by creating a folder for your web site and putting everything needed for the site's pages in this folder. This is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT! Then, when you move or copy the folder, you are moving everything you need for all the pages in your site.
1. Open KompoZer. KompoZer automatically begins with an open blank web page. (You can open a new blank page at any time by selecting File / New or by pressing the New button.)
2. Make sure that you are looking at the Normal View (not HTML Tags, Source or Preview). Think of this as typing in your word processor. Type your name, title, department & institution, office location, and telephone number on separate lines. Include Modern Languages Department at SUNY Cortland in your text.
3. Select your name, just as you would in your word processor.
4. Change the font from the Default Font (Variable width) to Helvetica, Ariel (use the Format / Font menu). Then change it again using the text Properties format area at the top left of your Document window. What are some of your other font choices?
5. Make your name larger. (Use Format / Size or in the text Properties format area.)
6. Change the text color to a color of your choice using the Format / Text Color menu or the pop-up color window. The color can be selected using a few different color tools, but colors are coded in your page as a 6 figure hexadecimal number (that's like having 16 fingers to count with). Red is FF0000 (FF in hexadecimal is 255 base ten, so this means 255 red, 0 green, 0 blue). You don't really need those color codes, but sometimes they can be useful for making sure you have exactly the same color in two places.
7. Make your name Bold (B) and Italic (I). You may use Format / Text Style or the buttons.
8. Center your name using the alignment icons in the Properties, just like in a word processor.
9. You decide that your italic centered name looks awful. Realign it to the left margin and remove the italic format.
10. Create a folder on your USB flash drive or the hard drive; be sure to give this folder a meaningful name. This is where you will save your new web page. Now save the page in a the folder. A page has title, for instance my home page (not a great name but you can change it later), it also has a filename, for instance index.html. This is the default file name for a folder, so it will be the page that will automatically open when someone browses to your folder. You will use this a lot, so more on this later.
11. Insert a blank line between your name and your title.
12. Then select your title, office location, and telephone number. Make them a numbered or bulleted list.
13. That was a bad idea. Remove the bullets or numbers and indent the lines instead.
14. Select Modern Languages Department. Click on the link button and type (or copy and paste) the URL for the department web page:
15. Select the words SUNY Cortland. But this time right-click on the highlighted text and select Create link to open the link properties window. The results are the same as using the buttons.
This time copy and paste the URL to make a link:
To link to another page in the same folder, you would just use the file name in the Link box rather than the entire URL.
16. Look at the top of your KompoZer window. Let's give the page a meaningful title by opening the Format / Page Title and Properties menu. Type a new page title, for example, Bob's great and wonderful address page. KompoZer will ask you for a page title if you try to save your page without first adding one. Every page should have a meaningful page title that appears in the title bar at the top of the browser window. Remember that your page also will have a file name when you save it. These are two different things, don't get them confused.
17 . Change the background color of the page. Use Format / Page Colors and Background or click the background color icon . Pick a color of your choice, but make it very light. Never use a background color that makes it hard to read your text. Style should support your message, not get in the way.
Positioning things on a web page can be a bit confusing. We have seen that we can left align, center or right align items. What if we want do do all three? A Table can help us with positioning text or images.
18. Make a table by positioning your cursor under your name and clicking on the table button or select Insert / Table or Table / Insert. More choices than you can shake a stick at! Give the table 1 row and 2 columns. Double-click on the table to open the table properties and make the table width 95 percent of your window.
19. From inside the table properties window, be sure you are looking at the table tab, not the cell tab. Now the Properties windows shows the Table Properties (see below). Align it to the right. Remove the border line by changing the the border from 1 to 0 pixels (an invisible table is a good way to control positioning).
Notice that the sizes of the table properties and table cell properties allow you to use absolute sizes (pixels) or to use a percentage. You can also change the table background color if you wish.
20. Select your personal information (except your name). Cut the text (ctrl-x) and Paste it (ctrl-v) into the left pane of your table.
21. Make sure that a photo or image that you want in your page is on your USB flash drive or hard drive in the same folder as this index.html page you are working on. If you don't have a photo, download one (right-click / save picture as) from this page: http://web.cortland.edu/ponterior/ or from anywhere you like. Just don't use anything too big.
22. Place your cursor in the right pane of your table and click the Image button or select the menu item Insert / Image. Find the file name of the image that you wish to insert.
23. Place your cursor below the table and select Insert / Horizontal Line. Add two horizontal lines to your page here. One right below the other. Note that you can also insert a variety of other special characters from here.
24. Below the line, press the link button. Type your email address into the Link Text and Link Location buttons, and check the The above is an email address check box.
Moving on to an activity page: mini-project 1
25. A table of contents page named index.html is a good start for your own web site. In addition to personal information, it can include links to all of the pages that you create. Between your personal information table and your page footer, IOW between your two horizontal lines, type the indented text:
This will become your Table of Contents page for the projects you create in this course.
26. By now you should feel fairly comfortable with basic formatting in KompoZer. You are ready to create a page with a web-based activity or materials!
Just a note about style: Format to your heart's content, but try to follow basic principles of good style, so don't overdo it. A left margin tends to look better than text flush against the edge of your browser window. Items look better if they line up. Centering everything looks bad. Big blocks of text without white space look bad and are difficult to read. Too many different colors, fonts, text sizes or styles detract from your message. Use style to enhance your message, not distract your reader. Novices tend to overdo it.
Youtube tutorial - Creating a Web site using KompoZer (Part 1, Part 2, Part 3)