Listening and Reading:  Shrum & Glisan Model


Model I

Design lessons that include the following stages (Shrum & Glisan, 1994; p. 120):

A.  Pre-listening/Pre-reading
B.  Identify main elements
C.  Identify details
D.  Organize/revise main ideas/details
E.  Recreate text
F.  React to text/explore intertextuality

** This model has been revised in the Second Edition of Shrum & Glisan, 2000; p. 137 with additional revision in the Third Edition of Shrum & Glisan, 2005, p. 177.  The authors reworked the model to align with and address the National Standards.  The Revised Interactive Model has five new stages:

Model II
A.  Preparation: students preview the text, establish a purpose, predict meaning, activate background knowledge, preview unfamiliar content, anticipate new vocabulary and text language. 
B.  Comprehension: students skim for the gist, scan  for specific information; students create a list of main ideas and match them to sections of text; students match main ideas to  key details. 
C.  Interpretation: students read/listen/view "between the lines;"Students collaborate to identify the cultural products, practices, and perspectives; Students ask each other questions about the content, inferences, and author intent/perspectives of the text; students share their opinions of and reactions to the text. 
D.  Application: students create a written summary of text and/or design an oral/video presentation; students create a follow-up product such as a letter, advertisement, new beginning or ending for text, visuals. 
E.  Extension: students analyze features of two texts and compare content and organization. 


Las madres de la Plaza de Mayo is an example that includes both a listening and reading exercise. (Model I)

La identificación personal is an example of a listening activity that also incorporates speaking tasks. (Model II)

El cine is an example of a reading activity that also incorporates speaking tasks.  (Model II)

Chez le dentiste is a French example that uses this model.  (Model II)

Recreation is an example of a reading lesson for use by French or Spanish teachers.  (Model II)